International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Jacques Roumain (1907-1944), a Haitian writer, was one of the main promoters of anthropology in Haiti. Engaged in the Haitian indigenous movement, he trained in ethnology at the Institute of Ethnology in Paris during one of his exiles. A polemicist with a sharp pen, frequently in delicate dealings with the authorities, in 1941 alongside Jean Price-Mars he participated in the creation of the Bureau of Ethnology and the Institute of Ethnology of Haiti. He strove to safeguard the material heritage of Vodou, threatened by the “anti-superstition campaign”. He left several articles and a literary work consisting of poems and novels to posterity. In the latter, he gave a prominent place to the peasant world, notably in his major work, Masters of the Dew (Gouverneurs de la rosée, 1944).

Keywords: Literature | Indigenism | First half of the 20th century | Caribbean | Haiti | African-American studies | African-American religions | Voodoo | Anthropology and literature

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