Gaston Paris (1839-1903) was a French medievalist and romance language philologist. In 1866, he founded the Revue critique d’histoire et de littérature and worked to provide France with a romance philology with criteria of scientific quality comparable to those established in Germany. In 1870, he founded the journal Romania, which included the study of patois and folk literature among its interests, and he endeavoured to collect folk tales, legends and songs. He was professor at the École pratique des hautes études and president of the Société de Linguistique and the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris and entered the Académie française in 1896.
Last quarter of the 19th century