International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Dillenius, Juliane Antonia (1884-1949)

Born in 1884 into a family of German origin, Juliane Antonia Dillenius was an Argentine anthropologist and the first woman in America to obtain a university doctorate (in physical anthropology) in 1911.She was one of the four women attending the XVII International Congress of Americanists in 1910. Between 1911 and 1913, she conducted research in physical anthropology at the Institute of Anthropology in Munich and at the Museum für Völkerkunde in Hamburg. She gained recognition for her contribution to studies on the antiquity of American man. In 1913, she married Robert Lehmann-Nitsche. From then on, she no longer published but collaborated on her husband’s works.

Keywords: Physical anthropology | Argentina | Antiquity of American Man | Craniology | Florentino Ameghino | Robert Lehmann-Nitsche

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