International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Fernando Ortiz Fernández (1881-1969) is considered to be the founding father of Cuban anthropology. A lawyer by training, his first work focused on crime in descendants of slaves. Thereafter, his only object of study was to be Afro-descendant populations. Its ambition was both scientific and civic, incorporating their cultural and religious heritage into the Cuban national identity. His opposition to racism and the notion of race as a justification for the exploitation, exclusion and stigmatization of these populations is one of the most remarkable aspects of his work.

Keywords: Social and cultural anthropology | Ethnomusicology | Culturalism | Racism | Caribbean | Cuba | African-American studies | African-American religions | Slavery | Witchcraft | Underworld | Bronislaw Malinowski | Melville Herskovits

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