International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Ruy Cinatti (1915-1986) is a singular figure in the history of 20th century Portuguese anthropology, expressed in the context of dictatorship and colonial rule, and then the transition to democracy in 1974. He obtained his doctorate from Oxford during Evans-Pritchard’s tenure, but was influenced by various authors, including the Brazilian anthropologist Gilberto Freyre, whose famous Luso-tropicalist theses he appreciated. A poet and humanist, his work in the fields of ethnology, botany and archaeology concerns the eastern part of the island of Timor, a distant colony of the Portuguese empire.

Keywords: Archaeology | Social and cultural anthropology | Humanist anthropology | Colonialism | 20th century | Portugal | Southeast Asia | East Timor | Evans-Pritchard | Gilberto Freyre

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