International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Afro-Brazilian polymath Manuel Raymundo Querino (1851–1923) was the first Black scholar to study the history, culture and origins of the enslaved Africans and their descendants in Brazil. At a time when pseudoscientific racism was widespread in Brazilian scientific circles, Querino put forward alternative positive views based on his personal experience and respectful interviews with elderly Africans who had survived the transatlantic crossing and enslavement. After his death, attempts were made to disqualify his amateur scholarship, but Querino’s visionary anthropology and Black vindicationism have also been the subject of numerous reappraisals in Brazil and internationally.

Keywords: Ethnology | Folklore | Racism | Second half of the 19th century | First half of the 20th century | Brazil | African-American studies | Food anthropology | Slavery