International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Eva Lips, who was married to the ethnologist, sociologist and jurist Julius Lips, followed her husband as an opponent of German National Socialism into exile in the US in 1934, where she established herself as a successful anti-fascist exile writer and supported her husband in his field research on the economy and law of North American Indians and the African American minority. In 1948, the couple returned to Leipzig in the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany. After Julius Lips’ sudden death in 1950, Eva Lips succeeded him as director of the Julius Lips Institute for Comparative Sociology of Law and Ethnology. After obtaining her thesis in 1951, she became one of the first female professors at the University of Leipzig in 1954. She had a lasting influence on the development of ethnology in the GDR in academic circles and beyond, for a popular audience.

Keywords: Ethnology | 20th century | Germany | Democratic German Republic | United States of America | African-American studies | North Amerindian Studies | Antifascism | Nazism | Julius Lips

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