International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

The career of Portuguese ethnologist Francisco Martins Lage (1888-1957) was marked by multiple cultural and sociopolitical interventions. A figure linked to theatre and dance, entrepreneur, columnist and journalist, he collaborated from the 1940s onwards with the Estado Novo’s propaganda services, particularly in the field of folk culture. He organised exhibitions of folk art and competitions such as the “Most Portuguese Village in Portugal”. His career was outside academia, but linked to the museological world, especially the Museum of Popular Art in Lisbon. Despite the political constraints that influenced his professional activity, Francisco Lage occupies a singular place in the history of Portuguese anthropology as both a learned man and a man of action.

Keywords: Folklore | Ethnology | Museology/museography | Ethnography | Theatre | 20th century | Portugal | Folk arts | Nationalism | Estado Novo

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