International Encyclopaedia
of the Histories of Anthropology

Luzel, François-Marie (1821-1895)

Coordinated by Fañch Postic

CRBC, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest.

Born on June 6, 1821 in Plouaret (Côtes-d’Armor, France), François-Marie Luzel was an archivist in Quimper. In 1845, he was given a mission by the Ministry of Public Instruction to make a collection of folk songs and poems in Breton. He «published Volume 1 of his Gwerziou collections in 1868 , within a movement that called into question the authenticity of the Barzaz-Breiz collections made in the 1830s by Théodore Hersart de LaVillemarqué . In 1872, on the occasion of the Congrès des sociétés savantes (congress of learned societies) held in Saint-Brieuc, Luzel discussed “The Authenticity of the Songs of Barzaz-Breiz”, which made him the main critic of La Villemarqué. He died in Quimper (Finistère) on February 26, 1895.

Keywords: Publicist | Brittany | Oral literature

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